Nearly all Mercedes-Benz vehicles that feature this system are paired with an automatic transmission as the default transmission.
The first design of 4Matic system was introduced in on the W series E Class saloons four-door and estate station wagon cars. It was available with the 2. First Generation[ edit ] The first generation 4Matic system was originally a complex electronically controlled system with automatically engaging four-wheel drive 4WDthe system employing locking central and rear differentials to provide additional traction in slippery conditions.
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The centre differential, also known as the transfer case, contains two clutches. Due to safety and stability concerns there is no front differential lock. The 4Matic system uses inputs from the three channel ABS system and a steering wheel angle sensor to decide when to intervene.
Driver Assistance Plus Includes active blind spot detection, active driving assistant, side and top view cameras, and speed limit detection. Lighting Package Includes xenon headlights and adaptive suspension control.
Engine throttle control is not inherent in the W system. The later system variant when in test mode allows for continued operation of the rear shock self-levelling system SLS when installed. Initially plagued with reliability factors, the multi-plate clutch central differentials were subject to failure; it was discontinued in Available only with left hand drivethe cars were again manufactured at the Magna-Steyr plant in Austria.
The second generation of 4Matic utilized a full-time 4-wheel drive system with three open differentials front, centre and rear. This employs the ABS system with additional valves to monitor and then partially brake any wheel which loses traction.
Third Generation[ edit ] Sincesome versions of 4Matic have provided true AWD where the system remains active at all times.
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This system can send percent of the available engine torque to either the front or rear axles. In the fifth-generation E-Class an additional setting was introduced in the E63 S AMG model that disconnects the front axle from the powertrain, effectively turning it into a rear wheel drive automobile.
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This has become known as "Drift Mode", riding the wave of attention drawn by the eponymous setting first deployed in the third-generation Ford Focus RS. These later systems include engine and automatic stability controls.
Mercedes 4Matic What is ?
“Customers have given us the answer, and most want four-wheel drive,” he told the British publication. “Back in the days when we had an AMG.